Chapter 24: Digestive System

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abdominal cavity

abdominopelvic cavity

absorption

absorptive cell

accessory structures

acinus

active transport

adipose tissue

adventitia

alimentary canal

alveolus

anal canal

anatomical crown

anus

ascending colon

bicarbonate

bile

bile canaliculus

bile salt

bolus

canine

carbohydrate

carbonic acid

caudate lobe

cecum

cementum

central vein

cephalic phase

chemical digestion

chief cell

cholecystokinin

chylomicron

chyme

circular fold

circular smooth muscle

circulatory system

clinical crown

CNS

colon

common bile duct

coronary ligament

crown

crypt

cystic duct

deciduous tooth

defecation

deglutition

dentin

descending colon

detoxification

digestion

digestive tract

disaccharide

disaccharidase

duodenal gland

duodenum

elimination

emulsion

enamel

endocrine cell

endocrine gland

 

endothelium

ENS

enteric plexus

epiglottis

esophageal phase

esophagus

exocrine gland

external anal sphincter

extrinsic tongue muscle

facilitated diffusion

fat-soluble vitamin

fauces

feces

flatus

free fatty acid

fructose

fundus

gallbladder

gastric gland

gastric inhibitory polypeptide

gastric phase

gastric pit

gastrin

gastroesophageal opening

gastrointestinal phase

gingiva

glossa

gluconeogenesis

glucose

glycerol

glycogen

goblet cell

greater omentum

hard palate

haustra

hepatic artery

hepatic cord

hepatic duct

hepatic flexure

hepatic phagocytic cell

hepatic portal system

hepatic portal vein

hepatic vein

hepatocyte

hepatopancreatic ampulla

histamine

hydrochloric acid

ileocecal valve

ileum

incisor

ingestion

insulin

internal anal sphincter

interstitial pacemaker cell

intestinal gland

intrinsic factor

intrinsic tongue muscle

jejunum

lacteal

lactose

lamina propria

 

large intestine

laryngopharynx

lateral pterygoid muscle

left colic flexure

left lobe

lesser omentum

lipase

lipoprotein

liver

lobule

local reflex

longitudinal smooth muscle

lower esophageal sphincter

lymphatic system

major duodenal papilla

mass movement

masseter

mastication

mechanical digestion

medial pterygoid muscle

mesentery

mesentery proper

micelle

microvillus

minor duodenal papilla

mixing

mixing wave

molar

monosaccharide

mucosa

mucous epithelium

mucous neck cell

mucus

muscularis

muscularis mucosae

myenteric plexus

nasopharynx

neck

oblique smooth muscle

oral cavity

organic molecule

oropharynx

osmosis

palatine tonsil

pancreas

pancreatic duct

papilla

parietal cell

parietal serous membrane

parotid salivary gland

pelvic cavity

pepsin

pepsinogen

peptidase

periodontal ligament

peristalsis

peritoneum

permanent tooth

pharyngeal phase

pharynx

phospholipid

 

PNS

polysaccharide

portal triad

premolar

propulsion

proteolytic enzyme

pulp

pulp cavity

pyloric opening

pyloric sphincter

quadrate lobe

receptor-mediated endocytosis

rectum

reflex

retroperitoneal

right colic flexure

right lobe

root

ruga

salivary gland

secretion

segmental contraction

segmental movement

serosa

serous membrane

sigmoid colon

simple columnar epithelium

sinusoid

small intestine

soft palate

sphincter

splenic flexure

starch

steroid

stomach

stratified squamous epithelium

stretch receptor

sublingual salivary gland

submandibular salivary gland

submucosa

submucosal plexus

sucrose

symport

temporalis

teniae coli

tongue

tooth

transverse colon

triglyceride

tunic

upper esophageal sphincter

uvula

vermiform appendix

vestibular fold

vestibule

villus

visceral serous membrane

vitamin

vitamin B12

voluntary phase